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Ancient history and settlement.

Little is known about the region’s origins, however chroniclers note that the first settlers were formed by tribes of several regions originating among the Quechua and Aymaras. The Chancas, originally from Choclococha and Huancavelica, settled in the region of Andahuaylas. This group of tribes is historically known as rebellious and fearless warriors of ancient Peru.
Chronicles relate that the Chancas prepared themselves for years to conquer the imperial city of Cusco. Only due to the great figure and strategy of Inca Pachacutec, the Inca Empire did not yield.
By the time the conquerors established the first political organization of the Colony, almost the whole extension of the current region was under the jurisdiction of the authorities of Huamanga; nevertheless, there is no recollection on the foundation of cities and towns.
At the beginning of the Republic, Abancay belonged to Cusco. It was not until April 28, 1873, that a law was given to create the department of Apurímac, based on the provinces of Andahuaylas (Ayacucho), Antabamba, Aymaraes and Cotabambas (Cusco), and naming Abancay as its capital.


Ancient history and settlement.

Apurímac está situado en el sector sureste de los Andes centrales. Limita por el norte con los departamentos de Ayacucho y de Cuzco; por el sur con Arequipa; por el este con el departamento de Cuzco; por el oeste con el departamento de Ayacucho. La altitud promedio de la región es de 2 900 msnm.
Sus coordenadas son 13º 10′ de latitud sur y entre los meridianos 73º 45′ 20 y 73º 50′ 44,5 de longitud oeste.

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